How to Explain Periods to a Child: A Friendly Guide for Parents

  • By: admin
  • Date: September 19, 2023
  • Time to read: 10 min.

As a parent, you may feel nervous or uncomfortable about discussing periods with your child. However, it is important to remember that educating your child about menstruation is a crucial step in promoting body positivity, breaking stigma, and empowering them with knowledge about their body.

By approaching this topic with empathy and understanding, you can help your child feel informed and confident about their menstrual cycle. In this section, we will provide an overview of the importance of explaining periods to children and offer tips for parents on how to approach the topic in a friendly and age-appropriate manner.

Key Takeaways:

  • Discussing periods with your child is an important step in promoting body positivity and empowering them with knowledge about their body.
  • Approach the topic with empathy and understanding to help your child feel informed and confident about their menstrual cycle.
  • In the following sections, we will provide tips for parents on how to explain periods to their child in a friendly and age-appropriate manner.

The Importance of Talking to Kids about Menstruation

As a parent, you play a critical role in providing your child with education and information about their bodies. By discussing menstruation with your child, you can help break down social stigmas and promote understanding and empathy. Talking openly about periods can also empower your child with knowledge and help them navigate this natural part of life with confidence and ease.

When you talk to your child about menstruation, you are helping to create a supportive and connected environment that values communication and trust. By providing accurate and age-appropriate information, you can help your child develop a positive and healthy attitude towards their bodies and the changes they will experience during puberty.

Additionally, teaching your child about menstruation can help reduce fears and misconceptions. Many children may feel scared or embarrassed when they first learn about periods, but your guidance can help alleviate these anxieties and provide them with the tools they need to manage their menstrual cycle with confidence.

By initiating conversations about menstruation and promoting open communication, you can create a strong foundation for your child’s growth and development. So, take the time to talk to your child about periods and help them feel supported and informed every step of the way.

talking to child about menstruation

Choosing the Right Time and Place

When it comes to discussing periods with your child, choosing the right time and place is crucial. It’s important to create a comfortable, private setting where your child can feel at ease asking questions and processing new information.

Consider scheduling a time to talk when you won’t be interrupted or rushed, such as during a walk or drive together, or after dinner when you can sit down and have a quiet conversation.

It’s also important to use age-appropriate language and explanations when discussing menstruation with your child. Depending on your child’s age and level of understanding, you may need to start with more basic concepts and gradually build on them over time. For younger children, it can be helpful to use analogies or visual aids to help them understand what periods are and how they work.

age-appropriate explanation of periods

For example, you might compare the menstrual cycle to the changing of the seasons, with the shedding of the uterine lining similar to the falling of leaves in autumn. Or, you might use a diagram or picture book to help illustrate the different parts of the menstrual cycle.

Remember, every child is different and may have different levels of comfort and understanding when it comes to discussing periods. Be patient and take cues from your child on how much information they are ready to receive.

Using Visual Aids and Books

Visual aids and books can be incredibly helpful in educating children about menstruation. Not only do they offer age-appropriate explanations, but they can also make the learning experience more engaging and interactive.

Consider introducing your child to illustrated books that cover the subject of menstruation in a friendly and approachable way. Some great options include The Period Book: A Girls’ Guide to Growing Up by Karen Gravelle, Moon Time: A Guide to Celebrating Your Menstrual Cycle by Lucy H. Pearce, and It’s Perfectly Normal: Changing Bodies, Growing Up, Sex, and Sexual Health by Robie H. Harris.

When using visual aids and books, it’s important to emphasize the normalcy and naturalness of menstruation. You can use diagrams and illustrations to show what happens during the menstrual cycle, and answer any questions your child may have along the way. By using visuals to supplement your explanations, you can help your child understand the process more easily and accurately.

Period illustration

It’s also a good idea to encourage your child to explore these resources on their own, so that they can feel empowered to learn about their bodies in their own way and on their own terms.

Addressing Common Questions and Concerns

When explaining periods to your child, it’s important to anticipate and address any questions or concerns they may have. Children may feel confused or anxious about this topic, so it’s essential to provide accurate information while also addressing their emotional needs. Here are some common questions and concerns your child may have:

  1. What is a period? – Your child may be unaware of what a period is, so it’s important to offer a clear and simple explanation. You could say, “A period is a natural process that happens to a girl’s body as she gets older. It’s when her body releases blood from her uterus.”
  2. Is it painful? – Your child may be worried that periods are painful or uncomfortable. You can assure them that while some girls do experience cramps or discomfort, there are ways to manage these symptoms, such as taking pain relief medication or using a heating pad.
  3. How long does it last? – Your child may be curious about the duration of a period. You can explain that periods usually last between 3-7 days, but this can vary from person to person.
  4. Can I still do sports or activities during my period? – Your child may be concerned that their period will impact their ability to participate in sports or other activities. You can reassure them that they can still do these things, but they may need to use pads or tampons for protection.
  5. Is it normal to feel embarrassed or ashamed? – Your child may feel embarrassed or ashamed about their period due to societal stigmas or taboos. You can validate their emotions and let them know that it’s perfectly normal to feel this way, but it’s important to remember that periods are a natural and healthy part of life.

Remember, every child is different, and they will have their unique set of questions and concerns. Encourage them to ask questions and express their feelings, and always be patient and supportive in your responses.

explaining menstruation to a child

Encouraging Open Communication

Encouraging your child to ask questions and share their thoughts about periods is crucial to developing a healthy and informed attitude towards menstruation. By creating a safe and non-judgmental space for discussions, you can help your child feel comfortable and confident in their understanding of their body.

One way to encourage open communication is to approach the topic in a positive and matter-of-fact way. Avoid using euphemisms or negative language that may create confusion or shame. Instead, use clear and accurate terminology to describe the menstrual cycle and encourage your child to ask any questions they may have.

Visual aids, such as diagrams or videos, can also be helpful in facilitating conversation and understanding. Consider sharing resources with your child that provide clear and informative explanations, such as the graphic below:

educating children about menstruation

Remember, it is important to listen actively and validate your child’s experiences and feelings. Avoid dismissing or downplaying their concerns, and instead offer support and reassurance. By creating an open and supportive environment, you can help your child feel empowered and confident in their understanding of their body.

Honoring Privacy and Boundaries

When discussing periods with your child, it’s essential to respect their personal space and privacy. This means acknowledging their comfort level and allowing them to choose how much they want to share with you.

During their menstrual cycle, provide your child with the privacy they need to change their pad or tampon. Consider giving them a designated space in the bathroom with sanitary products they can access easily.

It’s also crucial to allow your child to take control of their menstrual health. Encourage them to track their period and symptoms using a period tracker app or journal. This way, they can monitor any changes or irregularities and learn more about their body.

Remember, respecting boundaries and privacy in conversations about periods can help your child feel more comfortable and confident in their own skin.

educating children about menstruation

Normalizing Periods and Challenging Period Myths

One of the most important things you can do when explaining periods to your child is to normalize them. Menstruation is a natural and healthy process that half of the population experiences, so it’s important to challenge any myths or stigmas that may exist around it.

For example, you may have heard that periods are dirty or shameful. This is simply not true. Periods are a sign that the body is healthy and functioning properly. It’s important to emphasize this to your child and help them understand that there is nothing to be ashamed of when it comes to their body.

Another common myth is that periods are painful and debilitating. While some people do experience discomfort during their menstrual cycle, it’s important to note that not everyone does. Additionally, there are many ways to manage any pain or discomfort that may occur, such as through over-the-counter pain medication or heating pads.

Normalizing Periods and Challenging Period Myths

By challenging these myths and misconceptions, you can help your child develop a healthy and positive attitude towards menstruation. This can make a big difference in their overall well-being and self-esteem.

Encouraging Positive Language

Another way to promote a healthy attitude towards periods is to use positive language when discussing them. For example, instead of referring to periods as “gross” or “disgusting,” try using neutral or even positive terms like “menstrual cycle” or “monthly period.”

By reframing the conversation in this way, you can help your child approach menstruation with a more open and accepting attitude.

Teaching About Menstrual Supplies

In addition to normalizing periods, it’s important to educate your child about the various menstrual supplies that are available to them. This includes options like pads, tampons, and menstrual cups.

By providing this information, you can help your child feel more informed and empowered to make choices that work best for their body and needs. You can also help them understand that there is no right or wrong way to manage their period, and that it’s perfectly normal to experiment with different products until they find what works best for them.

Overall, by normalizing periods, challenging myths, and using positive language, you can help your child feel more confident and empowered when it comes to their menstrual cycle. This is an important part of promoting overall health and well-being.


Congratulations! You have taken an important step in educating your child about periods. By explaining menstruation in a friendly and age-appropriate way, you are promoting empathy, understanding, and body positivity, while also breaking down taboos and stereotypes.

Remember to choose the right time and place, use visual aids and resources, and address any questions or concerns that your child may have. Encourage open communication and respect their privacy and boundaries, while also challenging common myths and misconceptions. And most importantly, be patient, supportive, and willing to provide ongoing education and support.

You are doing a great job!

By talking to your child about periods, you are not only empowering them with knowledge, but also promoting healthy and positive attitudes towards their body. You are laying the foundation for a healthy and confident adulthood full of informed choices and respectful relationships. Keep up the great work!

How Can I Explain a Hickey to a Child in a Kid-Friendly Way?

When it comes to discussing hickies with kids, it’s important to approach the subject with honesty and sensitivity. Start by explaining that a hickey is a bruise that appears when someone kisses or sucks on the skin too hard. Emphasize that it is not harmful and can be seen as a way people express affection. Encourage open conversations about boundaries, respect, and the importance of consent. In simple terms, how to talk about hickies with kids is all about teaching them about healthy relationships and understanding what is appropriate behavior.


Q: Why is it important to talk to kids about menstruation?

A: Having conversations about menstruation with children is crucial for breaking stigma, promoting understanding and empathy, and empowering children with knowledge about their bodies.

Q: How can I choose the right time and place to talk to my child about periods?

A: It is important to find a comfortable and private setting for discussing periods with your child. Use age-appropriate language and explanations to help them understand what periods are.

Q: Are visual aids and books helpful in educating children about menstruation?

A: Yes, visual aids and books can be highly effective in facilitating understanding and sparking conversations about menstruation. We recommend age-appropriate resources and diagrams to engage children.

Q: How do I address common questions and concerns that children may have about periods?

A: Answer these questions in a simple and accurate way, addressing any fears or misconceptions your child might have. Provide reassurance and create a safe space for open dialogue.

Q: How can I encourage open communication with my child about periods?

A: Create an open and supportive environment where your child feels comfortable asking questions and sharing their thoughts. Normalize periods as a natural part of life and provide ongoing education.

Q: How can I honor my child’s privacy and boundaries when discussing periods?

A: Respect their comfort levels and provide privacy during their menstrual cycle. Foster a sense of autonomy and control in how they manage their period.

Q: How can I normalize periods and challenge period myths?

A: Provide accurate information about periods, challenge societal taboos, and promote a healthy and positive attitude towards menstruation.

Q: What is the importance of having a conclusion about discussing periods with children?

A: A conclusion can help summarize the key points discussed throughout the article and reiterate the importance of open and informed conversations about periods with children. It emphasizes the need for ongoing support and education.

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