How to Explain Motion and Gravity to a Child: Fun & Easy Guide

  • By: admin
  • Date: September 19, 2023
  • Time to read: 15 min.

Explaining complex scientific concepts to a child can seem daunting, but it doesn’t have to be. In fact, teaching children about motion and gravity can be a fun and engaging experience for both you and your child.

By breaking down these concepts into simple terms and using relatable examples, you can help your child develop a deeper understanding of the world around them. And who knows, you might even learn a thing or two along the way!

Key Takeaways:
  • Explaining motion and gravity to a child can be a fun and engaging learning experience.
  • By using simple language and relatable examples, you can help your child grasp these complex concepts.
  • Encouraging curiosity and exploration is important in helping children understand motion and gravity.

What is Motion?

Explaining the concept of motion to a child can be both fun and easy! Motion is all about how objects move. There are many types of motion, like walking, running, jumping, or swinging. The force is what causes motion in objects. When you push or pull something, you apply force, and that object will start to move in the direction you’ve applied the force.

Imagine you are kicking a ball- your foot applies force to the ball, causing it to move away from you. The harder you kick the ball, the farther it will travel. Similarly, the force of gravity pulls objects towards the ground, and that’s why things fall downwards.

But wait, there’s more! Motion can also be a combination of different types of motion. For example, when you jump, you first bend your knees, then push off the ground with your feet, and finally lift off the ground into the air. This is an example of a combination of walking and jumping motion.

Understanding motion and gravity for kids

When explaining motion to a child, it’s essential to use examples that are easy for them to understand. Use everyday objects that they are familiar with like toys, bikes, cars, and balls.

What is Gravity?

Gravity is the force that pulls everything towards the center of the Earth. Even though we don’t see it, gravity is present everywhere, and it affects everything around us. It’s what keeps the Earth orbiting the sun, and it’s also what keeps us on the ground so we don’t float away!

When you drop something, like a ball, what happens? That’s right, it falls to the ground. This is because of gravity! The Earth is pulling the ball towards it, and it falls until it reaches the ground. The force of gravity is what’s pulling the ball down.

Gravity is what makes things feel heavy. When you pick up a heavy book, you can feel the weight of it in your hands. That’s because the book has mass, and gravity is pulling it towards the Earth.

teaching motion and gravity to children

Gravity isn’t just on Earth. It’s also what keeps planets in orbit around the sun and what keeps the moon in orbit around Earth. It’s a force that exists everywhere in the universe.

So, remember, gravity is the force that pulls everything down towards the Earth. It’s what’s keeping you on the ground right now!

How Do Motion and Gravity Work Together?

Now that you understand the basic concepts of motion and gravity, it’s time to explore how they work together. As we mentioned earlier, gravity affects the motion of objects by pulling them towards the Earth.

Think about what happens when you throw a ball in the air. As the ball moves upward, gravity pulls it back downward, causing it to fall back to the ground. This is an example of how gravity affects the motion of an object.

Gravity can also influence the speed and direction of an object’s motion. For example, if you roll a ball down a hill, gravity will pull it downward, causing it to pick up speed as it moves. Similarly, if you throw a ball at an angle, gravity will pull it downward, causing it to follow a curved path.

It’s important to note that other forces can also affect the motion of objects, such as friction or air resistance. However, gravity is one of the most fundamental forces that children should understand when it comes to motion and gravity.

To help illustrate the relationship between motion and gravity, try some simple demonstrations or visuals. For example, you can roll a ball down a ramp to show how gravity affects the speed of an object’s motion. Alternatively, you can use a pendulum to demonstrate how gravity can influence the direction of an object’s motion.

motion and gravity

By understanding how motion and gravity work together, children can gain a deeper appreciation for how the world around them operates. They’ll be able to observe and understand why things move the way they do, and how gravity plays a fundamental role in making it all happen.

Explaining Motion and Gravity through Everyday Examples

Understanding motion and gravity can be challenging for children, but using real-life examples can help make these concepts more relatable and easier to comprehend. Here are some everyday activities you can use to teach your child about motion and gravity:

  • Bouncing a ball: When you bounce a ball, gravity pulls the ball down, and a force pushes it back up. This force creates motion and causes the ball to bounce.
  • Riding a bike: Riding a bike is a great way to demonstrate how motion and balance work together. When you pedal, you create motion, and maintaining balance requires an understanding of gravity.
  • Throwing a Frisbee: Throwing a Frisbee involves both motion and gravity. By throwing the disc at an angle, you can create lift, which counters the force of gravity and allows the Frisbee to stay in the air for a longer period.
  • Playing on a playground: Activities like climbing, swinging, and sliding all involve motion and gravity. Encourage your child to observe how these movements work and ask questions about what they are experiencing.

By incorporating these examples into your child’s everyday life, they can begin to understand how motion and gravity play a role in the world around them.

motion and gravity in everyday life

The Basics of Motion and Gravity: Forces and Energy

Understanding motion and gravity involves grasping the concept of forces and energy. Forces refer to pushes or pulls that cause objects to move or stop moving. Energy is the ability to do work and is transferred from one object to another during motion.

Forces are essential to motion and gravity. When a force is applied to an object, it can cause the object to move or stop moving. The direction and strength of the force determines the direction and speed of the object’s motion. There are various types of forces, including friction, gravity, and magnetism.

Force Description
Friction A force that resists motion when two surfaces rub against each other.
Gravity A force that attracts objects towards each other, such as the pull of the Earth on objects.
Magnetism A force that attracts or repels objects due to their magnetic properties.

Energy also plays a significant role in motion and gravity. Energy is transferred from one object to another when they interact. For example, when a ball is thrown, energy is transferred from the person’s hand to the ball, causing it to move. There are different forms of energy, including kinetic energy (energy of motion), potential energy (stored energy), and thermal energy (heat).

Tip: Encourage your child to explore and observe different types of motion and how forces and energy play a role in them. Try bouncing a ball or riding a bike together and ask questions to help them understand the concepts better.

how to explain motion and gravity to a child

How Forces Affect Motion and Gravity

Forces, including gravity, play a significant role in the movement of objects. Gravity pulls objects towards the Earth, affecting how they move and interact with their surroundings. Objects with a greater mass have a stronger gravitational pull, which is why larger objects tend to move more slowly than smaller ones.

For example, when you jump, gravity pulls you towards the Earth, slowing down your upward motion until you reach the peak of your jump. At that point, gravity pulls you back down to the ground, causing you to land.

Understanding how forces and energy affect motion and gravity can be both fun and educational. Encourage your child to explore and experiment with different activities to experience these concepts firsthand.

Fun Experiments to Learn about Motion and Gravity

If you want to make learning about motion and gravity even more fun for your child, try these simple experiments. They’ll help your child gain a better understanding of these concepts by putting them into action.

Experiment 1: The Falling Objects

Grab a few lightweight objects, such as a feather, a paper clip, and a piece of paper. Hold them up high and drop them at the same time. Ask your child which object hit the ground first. Explain to them that gravity is what pulls the objects towards the Earth, making them fall at the same speed.

Experiment 2: The Paper Airplane

Teach your child how to make a paper airplane and then launch it from different heights. Ask them what happens to the airplane as it falls. Explain to them that the force of gravity pulls the airplane towards the ground, causing it to fall down, while the force of the wind keeps it moving forward.

Experiment 3: The Pendulum

Create a simple pendulum by suspending a weight from a string or a piece of thread. Ask your child what happens when you push the weight to one side and then let it go. The weight will swing back and forth until it eventually comes to a stop. Explain to them that gravity is what pulls the weight back down towards the center, causing it to swing back and forth.

Motion and Gravity Experiment

Experiment 4: The Balloon Rocket

Use a long piece of string, a straw, and a balloon to create a balloon rocket. Thread the string through the straw and then tape it to two points (e.g., chairs) so that it is taut. Blow up the balloon and then attach it to the straw. Let go of the balloon and watch it zoom across the string. Explain to your child that the force of the air escaping from the balloon propels it forward, while gravity pulls it towards the ground.

These experiments are a great way to get your child excited about learning about motion and gravity. They’ll have fun while gaining a better understanding of these important concepts.

Using Books and Videos to Explain Motion and Gravity

Books and videos can be great tools for enhancing a child’s understanding of motion and gravity. Here are some age-appropriate resources to consider:

Nat Geo Kids: Everything You Need to Know About Forces and Motion

This book by Kathy Furgang is a great introduction to the basic principles of motion and forces. With vivid illustrations and easy-to-understand language, it’s perfect for young learners.

The Magic School Bus: Lost in Space

This classic children’s book by Joanna Cole and Bruce Degen takes kids on a journey through space to learn about gravity. It’s an entertaining and educational read that will leave your child eager to learn more.

Bill Nye the Science Guy: Gravity Episode

This episode of the popular children’s show Bill Nye the Science Guy explores the effects of gravity with fun experiments and demonstrations. It’s a great way to engage kids and get them excited about science.

Using Books and Videos to Explain Motion and Gravity

Remember that these resources should be used as supplements to hands-on learning experiences. Encourage your child to read, watch, and experiment, but also make sure to engage with them directly to reinforce their understanding of motion and gravity.

Encouraging Curiosity and Exploration

Children are naturally curious, and exposing them to the wonders of motion and gravity can inspire an even greater sense of wonder and exploration. Encourage your child to ask questions, make observations, and explore the world around them.

One way to do this is by taking them for walks or hikes and pointing out how motion and gravity are at play in nature.

“Look at the leaves rustling in the wind, that’s motion!”

You can also encourage your child to experiment with different activities, such as throwing a ball or jumping on a trampoline, and ask them to observe and describe what they notice about motion and gravity.

Another great way to spark your child’s curiosity is by reading books or watching videos together that cover the topic of motion and gravity. One such resource is the book The Magic School Bus: Ups and Downs, which takes children on a journey to explore the forces of gravity and motion.

encouraging curiosity and exploration

Remember, fostering your child’s natural curiosity and encouraging them to explore the world around them can help them to develop a deeper understanding and appreciation of complex concepts like motion and gravity.

Applying Motion and Gravity in Everyday Life

Understanding motion and gravity is not just about learning abstract concepts; it can also be applied to everyday life. Here are some examples of how this knowledge can be useful:

Walking and Running

Walking and running are forms of motion that we use every day. Understanding how our bodies move and how we can control our movements can help us avoid falls and other injuries. By applying the principles of gravity, we can adjust our steps and movements to maintain balance and stability.


Cooking is a great way to apply the principles of motion and gravity. For example, when preparing a sauce, understanding how heat affects the motion of molecules can help you control the texture and consistency of the sauce. Additionally, understanding how gravity affects the cooking process can help you position pots and pans on the stove to achieve even cooking.


Driving involves constant motion and requires an understanding of how vehicles move and how forces like friction and air resistance affect their motion. By applying this knowledge, we can adjust our driving habits to ensure a safer and more efficient ride.

applying motion and gravity in everyday life

Sports and Recreation

Many sports and recreational activities involve motion and gravity, whether it’s hitting a ball, throwing a frisbee, or shooting a basketball. By understanding the principles of motion and gravity, we can improve our performance and have more fun.

Construction and Engineering

Construction and engineering also rely heavily on an understanding of motion and gravity. Engineers and architects use these principles to design structures that can withstand the forces of nature, while construction workers use them to build and position objects safely and efficiently.

So, as you can see, understanding motion and gravity is not just for scientists and academics. By applying this knowledge to everyday life, we can improve our safety, efficiency, and overall enjoyment of the world around us.

Frequently Asked Questions about Motion and Gravity

If you’re still confused about motion and gravity, don’t worry. Here are some common questions children have about these concepts:

What is the difference between speed and velocity?

Speed is the rate at which an object moves, while velocity is both the rate and direction of movement. For example, a car driving at 60 miles per hour has a speed of 60 mph, but if it’s also traveling west, it has a velocity of 60 mph west.

Why does a ball fall to the ground instead of floating in the air?

A ball falls to the ground due to the force of gravity. Gravity pulls objects towards the center of the Earth, causing them to accelerate towards the ground.

Why do heavier objects fall faster?

Contrary to popular belief, heavier objects do not fall faster than lighter objects. The force of gravity affects all objects equally, regardless of weight. However, objects with greater mass require more force to move, which is why they might appear to fall faster.

How does gravity work in space?

Gravity still exists in space and affects the motion of objects, but it can be weaker in some areas. For example, objects orbiting the Earth experience a weaker force of gravity than objects on its surface.

What is the relationship between energy and motion?

Energy is required to put an object in motion or to change its current motion. This is known as kinetic energy and can be transferred from one object to another. For example, when you throw a ball, your arm provides the energy to put the ball in motion, and the ball then transfers that energy to other objects it comes into contact with.

motion and gravity

How can I remember the difference between force and energy?

Think of force as the push or pull that causes an object to move, while energy is the ability for an object to do work. For example, when you lift a heavy object, your muscles apply force to move it, and the object has potential energy due to its position relative to the ground.

Remember, learning about motion and gravity takes time and patience, so don’t be afraid to ask questions and keep exploring!


Congratulations! You’ve learned how to explain motion and gravity to a child in a fun and engaging way. Remember, breaking down complex concepts into simple terms can make a big difference in a child’s understanding.

Now, you can teach your child about the basics of motion and gravity, including how they work together, the forces and energy involved, and everyday examples. Encourage your child’s curiosity and exploration by doing simple experiments and recommending resources like books and videos.

By understanding motion and gravity, your child can make connections to the world around them, including in their daily activities. If you encounter any questions or misconceptions along the way, use simple language to provide clear and concise answers.

We hope you enjoy exploring motion and gravity with your child! Have fun and remember that learning can be exciting.

Can I Use Similar Strategies to Explain Evolution and Motion/Gravity to a Young Child?

When it comes to explaining complex scientific concepts like evolution or motion/gravity to a young child, incorporating age-appropriate language and engaging visuals can be helpful. Provide relatable examples, simplify the information, and encourage interactive learning. Use tips for explaining evolution to young child while keeping their curiosity alive by letting them explore and ask questions, fostering a deeper understanding of these fascinating topics.


Q: What is motion?

A: Motion refers to the movement of objects. It can be walking, running, jumping, or any other form of movement. Motion is caused by force, which makes objects change their position.

Q: What is gravity?

A: Gravity is the force that pulls objects towards the Earth. It keeps us on the ground and prevents things from floating away. You can feel gravity when you drop a ball and it falls to the ground.

Q: How do motion and gravity work together?

A: Motion and gravity are interconnected. Gravity affects motion by pulling objects towards the Earth and influencing their speed and direction of movement. Without gravity, objects would continue moving in a straight line forever.

Q: Can you explain motion and gravity through everyday examples?

A: Certainly! For example, when you ride a bike, your motion is powered by pedaling, while gravity keeps you balanced and prevents you from falling. When you throw a ball, gravity pulls it back to the ground. Jumping on a trampoline is another fun example of how motion and gravity work together.

Q: What are the basics of motion and gravity?

A: Forces and energy are the basics of motion and gravity. Forces like pushing, pulling, or gravity influence how objects move. When something moves, it transfers energy, and gravity plays a role in this transfer.

Q: Are there any fun experiments to learn about motion and gravity?

A: Absolutely! You can try dropping different objects from various heights and observing how they fall. Making a paper airplane and seeing how it moves through the air is another fun experiment. Creating a pendulum and observing its back-and-forth motion is also a great way to learn about motion and gravity.

Q: Are there any recommended books or videos to explain motion and gravity?

A: Yes! Some age-appropriate resources include “Motion: Push and Pull, Fast and Slow” by Darlene R. Stille, “Gravity is a Mystery” by Franklyn M. Branley, or educational videos on platforms like YouTube that explain motion and gravity in a fun and engaging way.

Q: How can I encourage curiosity and exploration with motion and gravity?

A: Encourage your child to ask questions, observe their surroundings, and explore the world around them. Encourage them to experiment and discover how motion and gravity work in different situations. Curiosity and exploration are key to deepening their understanding of these concepts.

Q: How do motion and gravity apply to everyday life?

A: Motion and gravity are relevant in our daily lives. They are involved in activities like walking, riding a bike, or even cooking. Understanding motion and gravity can help children make connections to the world around them and appreciate the science behind everyday actions.

Q: What are some frequently asked questions about motion and gravity?

A: Here are some common questions children might have:
– “Does everything have gravity?”
– “Why do things fall when we drop them?”
– “Can gravity change?”
– “Why do we feel lighter on the Moon?”
– “How does gravity affect the planets?”
– “Can we ever escape Earth’s gravity?”

Use simple language and provide clear and concise answers to help children understand these concepts.

How to explain inertia to a child

Previous Post

How to Explain Inertia to a Child: Fun and Easy Tips

Next Post

Explaining Newton’s Third Law to Kids Made Easy

how to explain newtons third law to a child