How to Explain LGBTQ to a Child: A Friendly Guide for Parents

  • By: admin
  • Date: January 12, 2024
  • Time to read: 11 min.

Welcome to this guide on how to explain LGBTQ to a child. As a parent, you want to ensure that your child grows up in an inclusive and accepting environment. It’s important to start age-appropriate conversations about LGBTQ+ early on to promote diversity and inclusivity. In this article, we’ll provide you with practical tips and guidance on how to discuss LGBTQ+ topics with your child, answer difficult questions, and create a safe and supportive environment for open communication.

Key Takeaways:

  • Open and inclusive conversations about LGBTQ+ topics with children are essential in promoting diversity and acceptance
  • Starting age-appropriate conversations about LGBTQ+ early on has numerous benefits for children
  • Parents need to understand common LGBTQ+ terms and provide age-appropriate resources for further LGBTQ+ education

Why It’s Important to Talk About LGBTQ+ with Kids

As a parent, it’s important to promote inclusivity and diversity in your child’s upbringing. One way to do this is by discussing LGBTQ+ topics with them. By starting open and inclusive conversations about sexual orientation and gender identity, you can help your child understand and appreciate individual differences.

Starting conversations about LGBTQ+ topics early on can also benefit your child’s development by promoting empathy and acceptance. By creating a safe and supportive environment for these discussions, you can help your child build respectful and compassionate relationships with individuals of all genders and sexual orientations.

Why It’s Important to Talk About LGBTQ+ with Kids.

Additionally, avoiding discussions of LGBTQ+ topics with children can lead to confusion or misunderstandings. Children may form their perceptions based on societal stereotypes or misinformation, which can lead to harmful attitudes and behaviors towards LGBTQ+ individuals.

It’s important to remember that discussing LGBTQ+ topics with your child doesn’t mean discussing sexual activity or relationships that are beyond their age and developmental level. Rather, it’s about promoting understanding and acceptance of diverse identities and experiences.

Starting open and inclusive conversations about LGBTQ+ topics with your child is a crucial step in promoting empathy, respect, and inclusivity in all areas of their life.

LGBTQ+ Education for Kids

Understanding LGBTQ+ Terminology

Before discussing LGBTQ+ topics with your child, it’s important to have a clear understanding of common terms and definitions.

Here are a few terms you may come across:

LGBTQ+An umbrella term referring to sexual and gender identities beyond heteronormativity, meaning individuals who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and other related identities.
Gender IdentityA person’s deeply-held sense of their own gender, which may or may not match the gender assigned to them at birth.
Sexual OrientationThe gender or genders that a person is romantically and/or sexually attracted to.
TransgenderAn individual whose gender identity differs from the gender they were assigned at birth.
CisgenderAn individual whose gender identity matches the gender they were assigned at birth.
NonbinaryA gender identity that does not fit within the traditional male/female binary.

There are estimated to be as many as 6 million American children with LGBTQ parents. Visit Cerebral Palsy Guide who are on a mission to help LGBTQ parents navigate adopting and raising a child with a birth injury.

It’s also important to note that terminology is constantly evolving and may mean different things to different people. Encouraging open dialogue with your child about their own understanding of these terms can be helpful as well.

If you are looking for age-appropriate resources for teaching your child about LGBTQ+ identities, check out the Human Rights Campaign’s resources for raising LGBTQ+ children.

LGBTQ+ rainbow flag

Creating a Safe and Supportive Environment

In order to have effective conversations with your child about LGBTQ+ topics, it is important to create a safe and supportive environment for them to ask questions and express their thoughts and feelings.

Active listening is a key component of creating a safe space. This means giving your child your full attention when they are speaking, and acknowledging their concerns or questions with empathy and understanding. Try to avoid interrupting them or dismissing their thoughts.

Validating your child’s feelings is also important. Let them know that their emotions are normal and valid, and that it’s okay to feel confused or unsure about certain topics. This helps your child feel heard and accepted.

Encouraging questions is another way to foster open communication. Let your child know that it’s okay to ask questions, and that you are happy to help them understand. If you don’t know the answer to a particular question, that’s okay too – use it as an opportunity to learn together.

Remember that your child is still learning and developing their understanding of the world. It’s natural for them to have questions or concerns about LGBTQ+ topics, and it’s up to you as their parent to provide accurate and age-appropriate information. By creating a safe and supportive environment, you can help your child feel confident in coming to you with their questions and concerns.

how to explain lgbtq to a child

Creating a safe and supportive environment is crucial for open and non-judgmental conversations about LGBTQ+ topics with your child.

Explaining Sexual Orientation

Explaining sexual orientation to a child can seem daunting, but it is an important conversation to have. Sexual orientation refers to who a person is attracted to romantically or sexually. It is important to emphasize that there is nothing wrong with having a different sexual orientation than what is considered “traditional.

It is important to keep the conversation age-appropriate and simple. For younger children, you can explain that some people are attracted to people of the same gender, while others are attracted to people of a different gender. You can use examples such as how some people like the color blue, while others prefer the color red.

For older children, you can go into more detail about different sexual orientations, such as bisexual, pansexual, and asexual. It is important to emphasize that everyone’s experience is unique and valid.

It’s important to use inclusive and respectful language when discussing sexual orientation with your child. Avoid using derogatory terms or stereotypes. Encourage your child to ask questions and listen to their thoughts and feelings.

talking to kids about sexual orientation

Understanding Gender Identity

Explaining gender identity to a child can be a complex topic, but it’s important for promoting inclusivity and acceptance. Gender identity is a person’s internal sense of their own gender, which may or may not align with the sex they were assigned at birth.

For example: A person who was assigned male at birth may identify as a woman, non-binary, or any other gender identity that feels true to their sense of self.

It’s important to emphasize that gender identity is personal and can vary from person to person. It’s also important to encourage children to respect and accept other people’s gender identities, even if they don’t fully understand or agree with them.

Tip:Using storytelling and examples can be a helpful way to explain gender identity to children. You can use age-appropriate stories, movies, or TV shows that feature characters who identify as different genders or are undergoing a gender transition.

It’s also important to avoid reinforcing harmful gender stereotypes or expectations. Encourage children to express themselves in ways that feel true to their own gender identity, whether that means wearing certain clothes, playing with certain toys, or participating in certain activities.

Explaining gender identity to a child

For example: A child who identifies as a girl may prefer to wear dresses and play with dolls, while a child who identifies as a boy may prefer to wear shorts and play sports. Both expressions of gender identity are valid and should be celebrated.

It’s important to create a safe and supportive environment for children to ask questions and learn about gender identity. Encourage open and honest conversations, and be prepared to answer questions to the best of your ability. Remember, promoting inclusivity and acceptance starts with education and understanding.

Addressing Stereotypes and Misconceptions

It is common for children (and adults) to hold stereotypes and misconceptions about LGBTQ+ individuals and relationships. These may include beliefs that all gay men are flamboyant or that transgender people are confused about their identity.

However, it is important to challenge and correct these misconceptions to promote understanding and empathy. Encourage your child to think critically about media representations of LGBTQ+ people and question any harmful stereotypes they may encounter.

Remember to avoid perpetuating stereotypes yourself, and instead, model inclusive language and behavior. Explain to your child that just like any other group of people, LGBTQ+ individuals are diverse and unique.

If your child expresses confusion or curiosity about LGBTQ+ identities, try to answer their questions honestly and without judgment. Encourage them to ask questions and listen actively to their concerns.

It is also important to be prepared for negative reactions from others, such as family members or peers. Explain to your child that not everyone may understand or accept LGBTQ+ identities, but that it is important to stand up for what is right and advocate for inclusion and acceptance.

inclusivity and diversity for children

Celebrating LGBTQ+ Contributions and History

It’s important for children to learn about the diverse contributions and history of LGBTQ+ individuals. By doing so, they can better understand and appreciate the unique experiences and struggles of the LGBTQ+ community, and recognize that everyone deserves respect and equality.

There are many age-appropriate resources available to help children learn about LGBTQ+ history and contributions. Consider introducing your child to books like Pride: The Story of Harvey Milk and the Rainbow Flag by Rob Sanders, which tells the story of the iconic rainbow flag and its creator Harvey Milk. Another great option is Stonewall: A Building. An Uprising. A Revolution by Rob Sanders, which provides an overview of the Stonewall uprising and its impact on the LGBTQ+ rights movement.

LGBTQ+ rainbow flag

There are also websites and organizations that provide educational resources for children, such as It Gets Better Project and GLSEN . These organizations offer a range of resources, including curriculum guides, lesson plans, and activities, to help children learn about LGBTQ+ history, contributions, and current events.

By celebrating the contributions and history of LGBTQ+ individuals, you can help your child develop a deeper understanding and appreciation of diversity and inclusivity, and foster a more accepting and empathetic outlook.

Handling Difficult Questions and Reactions

As you discuss LGBTQ+ topics with your child, you may encounter difficult questions or reactions from them or other family members. It is important to approach these situations with empathy, patience, and a willingness to listen.

If your child asks a question you are not sure how to answer, it’s okay to admit that you don’t know and take some time to research and come back to them with a thoughtful response. However, make sure to follow through and provide a clear and honest answer as soon as possible.

If other family members express disapproval or discomfort with your LGBTQ+ education efforts, try to engage them in an open conversation and listen to their concerns. It may be helpful to remind them that promoting inclusivity and acceptance creates a safer and more loving environment for everyone.

Remember that every child is different and may have a unique reaction to LGBTQ+ topics. Some children may feel confused, scared, or overwhelmed, while others may embrace the conversation with enthusiasm. Be patient and understanding, validate their feelings, and try to provide reassurance and support.

If you feel overwhelmed or unsure how to handle a difficult situation, reach out to a support network, such as a mental health professional or LGBTQ+ organization, for guidance and resources.

Helping Children Understand LGBTQ+

Resources for Further LGBTQ+ Education

There are numerous resources available for parents and children who want to learn more about LGBTQ+ identities and issues. Below are some recommended age-appropriate resources:

  • For young children:
    • The Family Book by Todd Parr
    • And Tango Makes Three by Justin Richardson and Peter Parnell
    • Julián Is a Mermaid by Jessica Love
  • For older children:
    • George by Alex Gino
    • The Other Boy by M.G. Hennessey
    • I Am Jazz by Jessica Herthel and Jazz Jennings
  • For parents:
    • This is a Book for Parents of Gay Kids by Dannielle Owens-Reid and Kristin Russo
    • Raising LGBTQ Allies: A Parent’s Guide to Changing the Messages from the Playground by Chris Tompkins
    • Transgender Children and Youth: Cultivating Pride and Joy with Families in Transition by Elijah C. Nealy

There are also many organizations dedicated to promoting LGBTQ+ education and acceptance:

  • The Human Rights Campaign Foundation
  • The Trevor Project
  • The GLSEN

Remember, open and inclusive conversations about LGBTQ+ topics should be ongoing and age-appropriate. By seeking out resources and support, you can help create a safer and more accepting world for your child and all LGBTQ+ individuals.

LGBTQ+ Resources for Children


Now that you have read this guide, you have the tools to start important conversations about LGBTQ+ with your child. Remember, creating a safe and supportive environment is key to promoting understanding and acceptance. Emphasize the importance of inclusivity and diversity, and celebrate LGBTQ+ contributions and history.

If you encounter difficult questions or reactions, be patient and open-minded. Address any concerns and continue to foster empathy and acceptance. And don’t forget to explore age-appropriate resources for further LGBTQ+ education.

By having ongoing conversations and promoting inclusivity in your family and community, you are helping to create a more accepting and empathetic world for all. Keep up the great work!

Can the same approach be used to explain trauma and LGBTQ to a child?

Explaining trauma to a young child can be challenging, let alone the complexities of LGBTQ identities. However, the same approach of age-appropriate communication can be applied. Simplify the concepts, emphasize understanding and empathy, and use relatable examples. Tailoring the explanations to the child’s developmental level can help them grasp the essence while ensuring their emotional well-being.


Q: How do I explain LGBTQ to my child?

A: Explaining LGBTQ to your child can be done by having open and inclusive conversations. Start by emphasizing that people come in all different shapes, sizes, and identities. Use age-appropriate language to explain that some people may love or be attracted to people of the same gender, while others may identify as a gender different from the one assigned to them at birth.

Q: Why is it important to talk about LGBTQ+ with kids?

A: Discussing LGBTQ+ topics with kids is crucial for promoting inclusivity, diversity, and acceptance. It helps children understand that there are different identities and orientations, fostering empathy and respect for all individuals.

Q: What are some common LGBTQ+ terms and definitions?

A: Common LGBTQ+ terms include lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer. It is important to have a clear understanding of these terms before discussing them with your child. Age-appropriate resources such as books and websites can help provide further information.

Q: How can I create a safe and supportive environment for LGBTQ+ discussions?

A: Creating a safe and supportive environment involves active listening, validating your child’s feelings and questions, and encouraging open conversations. Avoid judgment and provide reassurance that they can ask any questions they may have.

Q: How do I explain sexual orientation to my child?

A: Explaining sexual orientation to your child can be done by simplifying the concept and using relatable examples. Emphasize that love and attraction can be diverse and unique for different individuals.

Q: What is gender identity and how can I explain it to my child?

A: Gender identity refers to how individuals perceive and experience themselves in terms of gender. It may differ from the sex assigned to them at birth. Explain to your child that some people may identify as a gender different from what they were assigned at birth, and it is important to respect and accept their identity.

Q: How can I address stereotypes and misconceptions about LGBTQ+?

A: Addressing stereotypes and misconceptions involves challenging them with accurate information. Encourage your child to ask questions, provide examples of diverse LGBTQ+ individuals, and emphasize the importance of understanding and empathy.

Q: How can I celebrate LGBTQ+ contributions and history with my child?

A: Celebrating LGBTQ+ contributions and history can be done by sharing age-appropriate resources, such as books and stories, that highlight significant LGBTQ+ figures and events. This fosters appreciation and respect for the LGBTQ+ community.

Q: How do I handle difficult questions and reactions about LGBTQ+?

A: Handling difficult questions and reactions involves maintaining open communication, addressing concerns, and providing reassurance. It is important to listen to your child and help them understand by providing age-appropriate explanations.

Q: What are some resources for further LGBTQ+ education?

A: There are various resources available for further LGBTQ+ education, including books, websites, and organizations. These provide age-appropriate materials and support networks for children and parents.

Coding for Kids

Previous Post

How to Explain Coding to a Child: Fun & Easy Approaches

Next Post

How to Explain Peace to a Child: Simple Steps for Parents

how to explain peace to a child